TKD
chapter
4.2.7

Intention

Type 7 verb suffixes are used to express aspect, but their meaning also include intention.

Completed action

Suffix -ta' is only used if an action was done intentionally: "the implication being that someone set out to do something and in fact did it" (TKD 4.2.7). If that action was not done intentionally, i.e. per accident, the suffix -pu' should be used. This does not work in both directions: Many canon examples definitely prove that -pu' can be used for both cases and is neutral as to intention.

Continuous action

The same happens with their continuous counterpart: while -taH continuous can be used for any continuously ongoing action, -lI' in progress is only used when the "activity has a known goal or a definite stopping point."

Summary

Suffix Intentionally Accidentally
-pu'
DONE
DONE
-ta'
DONE
ALERT!
-taH
DONE
DONE
-lI''
DONE
ALERT!

Background information

It seems very obvious this rule about using -ta' has grown from a misuse of the sentence qama'pu' jonta' neH from Star Trek III: The Search for Spock. See unintentional vocabulary
Category: Grammar    Latest edit: 23 Dec 2018, by KlingonTeacher    Created: 23 Dec 2018 by KlingonTeacher
 
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