Linguistic terms in Klingon

No language can completely and precisely cover the intricacies of specific domains of knowledge; often, it requires a group interested in the topic to come to concensus on what means what. In some languages, like English and German, new words are freely allowed into the vernacular, usually by combining two other words, or adding some prefixes or suffixes (or even deriving words from acronyms, etc).

We don't have the luxury of being able to necessarily craft new words ourselves, but to discuss the intricacies of the Klingon language, in Klingon, it's probably useful to work from the same page, so we can know what we're trying to convey, in a consistent manner.

Accepted translations

tlhIngan Hol already has many grammatical terms, such as mu' word, DIp noun, and wot verb, plus chuvmey for leftovers ("anything else").

Some KLI members have come up with the following ways to describe common grammatical terms:

  • subject: vangwI'
    • Credit: Unknown. Literally, "thing which acts".
  • direct object: DoS
    • Credit: Steven Boozer. It seems appropriate that Klingons would expect their verbs to have "targets".
  • indirect object: ???
    • ???
  • transitive verb: qIpbogh wot
    • Credit: Steven Boozer. If verbs take targets, it seems only correct that they would be considered verbs that 'hit' them. Steven Boozer notes he's used Qaybogh wot before, though..
  • intransitive verb: qIpbe'bogh wot
    • Credit: Steven Boozer. Naturally, this is simply the inverse concept to qIpbogh wot.
  • adjective: DelmeH wot
    • Credit: Steven Boozer and Paul Clegg. Seems accurate enough.
  • pronoun: DIp lIw
    • Credit: Steven Boozer. lIw is likely sufficient if the context is clear.
  • paragraph: mu'tlhegh'a'
  • clause: mu'tlheghHom
    • Credit: Unknown.
  • interrogative: yu'bogh mu'
  • define (verb): 'oS
    • Credit: Steven Boozer. Some elements of canon bear out the use of 'oS "represent" as allowing for constructions that in English would be "X is Y" or "X means Y": toDuj 'oS rol "A beard is a symbol of courage" (1).

References

1 : The Klingon Way

Category: Vocabulary    Latest edit: 18 Aug 2015, by KlingonTeacher    Created: 24 Mar 2014 by KlingonTeacher
History: r9 < r8 < r7 < r6 - View wiki text



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