Loanword

A loanword is a word adopted from one language and incorporated into another language without translation.(1)

loanwords

There are several English words that we know the Klingon spelling for, without these words being "true" Klingon words. This usually happens with words that we (or Klingons) like to talk about, but there is no Klingon equivalent to it. Basically, these are just transcriptions of English words.

Klingon Translation Source
bewbeb baobab The Little Prince
ghormaghenDer Gormagender (fictive space animal from Star Trek) DSC, qepHom'a' 2017
qatra' katra (vulcan thing from Star Trek) DSC, qepHom'a' 2017
ro'Sa' rose The Little Prince
tarDIghaD tardigrade Kaspersky (2)
Sam shawm (music instrument) qepHom'a' 2018
SIQab'el Scrabble (the game) qepHom'a' 2018
wI'qIy Wiki (3)
yuryum yurium (fictive explosive from Star Trek) DSC, qepHom'a' 2017
'e'levan elephant (4)
'anISyum anicium (fictive explosive from Star Trek) DSC, qepHom'a' 2017

Most of the words for Terran food which were published in the TalkNow software are also loanwords. When used, they are combined with an apposition (like naH fruit or 'oQqar root) to clarify the meaning
Klingon Translation
banan naH banana
gharlIq 'oQqar garlic
ghIrep naH grape
menggho' naH mango
meyIS tIr corn (mais)
patat 'oQqar patat
per naHmey peer
pIlam naH plum
pItSa' chab pizza
qe'rot 'oQqar carrot
qo'la' 'awje' cola
raSber naH raspberry
ray' tIr rice
Sutra'ber naH strawberry
Su'ghar qut sugar
tomat naH tomato
'anyan 'oQqar onion
'epIl naH apple

See also

References

1 : Loanword on Wikipedia, retrieved on 01 Aug 2017

2 : qep'a' wish list, reprinted in qepHom'a' 2015 booklet, p.14

3 : Message to Lieven on qepHom.de, of 01 Aug 2017

4 : First used in Die Sendung mit der Maus, published at qep'a' 2017

Category: Vocabulary    Latest edit: 28 Nov 2019, by KlingonTeacher    Created: 02 Aug 2017 by KlingonTeacher
History: r6 < r5 < r4 < r3 - View wiki text
 
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