# Mathematics

The most common way to talk about

**mathematical operations** is using the verbs

**boq** "ally with, for an alliance with" and

**chen** "take form."

## Addition

"4 + 3 = 7" would be

**wej boq loS; chen Soch** (literally, "four allies with three; seven forms"). It is also possible to reverse the two numbers being added:

**loS boq wej; chen Soch**.

Note that in these mathematical constructions, all numbers are considered singular from a grammatical point of view. One says

**wa' boq cha'** "2 + 1" not

**wa' luboq cha'**. That is, the

prefix **lu-**, indicating a third person plural subject and third person singular object, is not used. The

subject ("two" in the example) is considered singular.

## Subtraction

For subtraction, the

suffix **-Ha'** "undo" is attached to

**boq** producing

**boqHa'**, literally "dis-ally" or "dissociate from." Thus "4 - 3 = 1" would be

**loS boqHa' wej; chen wa'** (literally, "three dissociates from four, one forms").

When subtracting, the

subject and

object cannot be reversed without changing the equation.

**wej boqHa' loS** would be "3 - 4" and the answer would be a negative number.

## Multiplication

In Klingon, multiplication involves a number allying with itself. Thus, the

type 1 suffix **-'egh** "oneself" is used:

**boq'egh** "ally with oneself." It is necessary to specify how many times this alliance occurs.

For example, "2 x 3 = 6" would be

**cha'logh boq'egh wej; chen jav** ("twice, three allies with itself, six forms"). AS in mathematics, the multiplier and multiplicand may be reversed:

**wejlogh boq'egh cha'** ("3 x 2," "three times, two allies with itself").

## Division

Paralleling multiplication, division in Klingon involves a number dissociating from itself a specific number of times. The verb used is

**boqHa''egh** "dis-ally from oneself, dissociate from oneself," containing both

**-Ha'** "undo" and

**-'egh** "oneself."

For example, "6 / 3 = 2" is

**wejlogh boqHa''egh jav; chen cha'** ("three times, six dissociates from itself, two forms"). Reversing the dividend and the divisor changes the equation.

**javlogh boqHa''egh wej** would be "3 / 6" and the answer would be a fraction

## Others

Maltz did not want to talk about fractions nor about negative numbers.

## See also

## References

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