New words released at qepHom 2017

During qepHom'a' happening November 2017, Maltz had again released lots of new words. Some of the new words listed here were released for the Klingon subtitles of Star Trek: Discovery on Netflix. For a summary of those words including some more details, see new words Netflix.

List of new words

The following table sorts them by Klingon alphabetical order. Click on one of the titles to sort otherwise.

word type translation clarification page
but va. be natural not artificial 8
chut qeSwI' n. lawyer 8
DI'on n. characteristic, trait 16
DIr tutlh n. tattoo lit. "a tattooed skin" 9
ghomaghenDer n. Gormagender a "space whale" 15
jem vt. sense, feel, perceive, detect 13
jonSeH yaH n. engineering station 14
jonSeH n. engine control 14
jonta' pa' n. engineering room 14
loy' vi. have personality, be charismatic/charming 16
lut mIr n. series of stories, movies, etc. 8
meq vi. think logically expanded meaning 13
mI'wI' much n. cabaret a show consisting of people dancing 8
much Qe' n. cabaret the location, such as a nightclub or restaurant where there's food/drink along with a show 8
mughbogh permey n. subtitles if translation is implied, not for closed captions 8
ngel vt. attract, lure 14
ngelwI' n. attractor, bait 14
pargh va. be synthetic, artificial 8
peS vt. supply, furnish, provide, dispense 12
qatra' n. Katra (Vulcan soul) not a Klingon word, loanword 8
Qe' much n. cabaret the show performed in such a place 8
Qoylu'taH x. The clock is ticking. idiomatically 8
rel v. be dazed expanded meaning of the existing 8
rIS vi. make a cracking sound, emit a signal 13
rISwI' n. sending device if it emits a strange sound 13
SanmIr QuQ n. spore drive 8
SanmIr n. spore 8
SIr'o' n. web, mesh, lattice, nexus 16
tIw vi. react emotionally, behave emotionally 13
tlhamchem n. gravitational field 8
tlhapragh n. monster 8
tlhIn va. be particular, individual 18
tutlh vi. have a tattoo, be tattooed 9
tutlhmoH vt. make a tattoo 9
weS vt. lose as in "no longer have" 15
wI'qIy n. wiki loanword 9
woq vt. confirm, substantiate, corroborate 8
yuryum n. yurium explosive 8
'anISyum n. anicium explosive 8
'ejyo' ra'ghomquv n. Starfleet Command 15
'ejyo'SeH yaHnIv n. Starfleet Operations Command 15
'ol vt. verify, check make sure something is true 8
'ot vt. withhold (information) 12
'otHa' vt. disclose, divulge 12

Grammatical clarifications

All of the following words are straight from the pen of Marc Okrand, so they are canon explanations.

odd vs. strange

  • Huj is "strange" as in unfamiliar
  • jum is "odd" as in peculiar, unexpected, fishy
  • taQ is "weird" as in bizarre, unnatural, maybe creepy
  • When talking about numbers, an "odd number" is mI' mob and an "even number" is mI' mobHa'. In appropriate contexts, the mI' could be left out.

The verb tem

tem v. deny means "contradict, disavow, claim as false" and the like. It does not mean "refuse, reject, turn down, don't permit"

Denebia

In TKD, DenIb and DenIbya' are both glossed "Denebia." But that's an error. The planet name in English is Deneb, not Denebia. The Klingon, however, is correct: there are two versions of this name.

Losing things

chIl means "lose" in the sense of "misplace, be unable to find, lose track of." It can be used for misplacing your keys, but also for things like losing the signal of something you've been tracking. "Lose" in the sense of "no longer have (presumably permanently)", as in "we've lost a lot of soldiers" is a different word: weS. This verb means "lose" in the sense of "undergo a reduction of" or "suffer a reduction of", as in "he lost a lot of blood".

To say "lose" as in "She lost the baby" or "She lost her husband" just say Heghpu' ghu or Heghpu' loDnalDaj. Similarly, for "we have lost a lot of warriors," say Heghpu' SuvwI'pu'ma' law'. SuvwI'pu' DIweSpu' is fine, but it implies that the warriors are gone or missing or are severely injured and not expected to return (or to return anytime soon), but they may or may not be dead.

vItlh

vItlh means "be high, great (in quantity, size, intensity)."

It's used for things that are measurable or quantifiable but not necessarily countable. So you'd use it for things like speed or distance or the price of something: Do vItlh "high velocity," chuq vItlh "great range, great distance." You wouldn't use law' in these instances.

For things you can count (like people) (as opposed to things you can measure using units of measure, like length or speed), you'd use law' almost all the time. But you'd use vItlh if the number of whatever it is you're talking about is higher than normal or greater than before or greater than what was expected.

So if you were referring to a lot of warriors, you'd most likely say SuvwI'pu' law'. But if the high number of warriors is somehow important, if it's the point you're trying to make and not just an added fact, you'd use vItlh. You'd use it if you're not saying merely that there are a lot of warriors, but that the quantity of warriors is particularly high (higher than usual, higher than expected, higher than some other similar group of warriors, etc.). So it sounds like L'Rell used vItlh correctly in referring to the large number of people who died in battle (more than expected, more than before, etc.).

Note that the exact number of warriors (or whatever) doesn't matter (and doesn't have to be stated). The idea is that the high number of warriors you're talking about is somehow noteworthy (the number of warriors who died is greater than the norm for this sort of military unit, for example).

vabDot

vabDot means something like "moreover, furthermore, even".

"Even" is a good English translation of vabDot in a number of contexts. It's not the only definition of vabDot, but I think it's okay as part of the definition. But there's a little more to it than that. It's used to say that something is unexpected or surprising or counterintuitive, not just additional. For something that's just additional, you'd probably use je "also." Grammatically, vabDot is considered an adverbial.

See also

Category: Vocabulary    Latest edit: 22 Apr 2019, by MarcZankl    Created: 10 Dec 2018 by KlingonTeacher
 
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