New words released at qepHom 2018

During qepHom'a' happening November 2018 (see qepHom 2018), Maltz has released lots of new words. They were distributed to the qepHom attendees in a booklet. They were grouped in different topics.

List of new words

The following table sorts them by Klingon alphabetical order. Click on one of the titles to sort otherwise.

word type translation clarification topic
bIrI'tIS qolambIya n. British Columbia place names
boqHar n. miracle, wonder you can say qaStaH boqHarmey! miscellaneous
chI'ID n. uterus anatomy
chuq'a' leghwI' n. space telescope This is like the Hubble, not a Hov tut. technology
DaynguH n. testicle anatomy
Do qaD n. race contest of speed miscellaneous
ghenraq n. orchestra This is for a reasonably large group of instrumentalists. A more general term for a group (of any size) playing music is just QoQ ghom. music
ghughugh v. growl sounds
Ham v. be high (in pitch) as in high voice sounds
Hap choHwI' n. replicator The most frequently heard way to refer to a replicator that produces food is Soj choHwI', but that's slang. miscellaneous
HaS v. squeak This is not only for animals. It can also be used for the sound an old door or a wooden chest makes when you open it, if it's a sort of high pitch. sounds
HID v. sweat, perspire anatomy
Humlaw' n. like a ghargh, but with lots of wiggly legs bugs
Huy v. hum can be used both for singing without words and for the sound a (not huge) engine makes. Used also for the sound of a cat: purr. sounds
jantor n. witness one who has actually seen or been part of an event, eyewitness miscellaneous
jorja n. Georgia US state place names
lay leng n. aeronautics technology
lun v. swell, swell up anatomy
mongghol 'uluS n. Mongolia place names
nelchu' v. fit in perfectly, fit perfectly like a piece in a jigsaw puzzle; based on the verb nel match, pair up, map onto games
ngar v. be miraculous, supernatural, wondrous miscellaneous
nguH v. testify miscellaneous
nguHwI' n. witness one who testifies in court miscellaneous
ngutlh nagh n. die/dice with letters games
nItlh gheb n. trumpet music
pun v. be low (in pitch) as in deep voice [can also be used in music to talk about high and low tones] sounds
qalIvornIya n. California place names
qamerun n. Cameroon place names
qebeq n. Quebec place names
qebeq veng n. Quebec City place names
qey'Hav n. vagina anatomy
qur'ep n. wig miscellaneous
Qay'mol teSra' n. puzzle piece referring to a jigsaw puzzle games
Qay'mol n. puzzle like a jigsaw puzzle or those metal hoops that need to be untangled or any puzzle that involves a physical object or objects that must be manipulated. games
Qoghogh v. snort like a pig does, but not restricted to pigs or targs sounds
Qoy' v. spill It's used when the liquid slops over or out of whatever container it was in. If you bump into a glass of beer on the table and, as a result, the beer spills, then you can say HIq vIQoy'moH(pu') jay'. miscellaneous
Qung v. be rounded, blunt like the corner of table that is not a sharp angle miscellaneous
ra' v. conduct (an orchestra) literally command, order music
rIch v. talk about, discuss The object of this verb is the topic of the discussion. miscellaneous
rutlh v. be round like a circle miscellaneous
Sach v. expand can be used [as an adjective] for: be amplified, fleshed out, elaborated, increased in scope, etc. technology
Sam n. shawm This is a loanword from Federation Standard music
SaqDaq n. landing site miscellaneous
SImyon n. degree (unit of measure for temperature) technology
SIQab'el n. Scrabble (the game) This is just the Klingon spelling for the copyrighted name of the game. games
SuynIj n. sweat, perspiration anatomy
teSra' n. tile (such as a Scrabble piece) games
tomter n. funnel miscellaneous
tuj 'otlh n. infrared, infrared radiation technology
turmIq 'enDeq n. urinary bladder Strictly, the noun 'enDeq refers to anatomy, but it can be used metaphorically in other contexts, which is the way it works in English. anatomy
voDchuch n. pretty large spider-like thing It has nine legs usually but sometimes seven or eight, never fewer than seven unless the bug has been injured. A big spider on Earth would be a tera' voDchuch, but a small spider would not be a voDchuch. bugs
'ayItI n. Haiti place names
'I' ghew n. a bug that sort of resembles a beetle This is two words. bugs
'InSep n. penis anatomy
'obray'wal n. This sort of resembles a scorpion it runs really fast in a seemingly haphazard way and has a dangerous (sharp and poisonous) tail. bugs
'onroS n. drop like a raindrop or a drop of any liquid miscellaneous
'onteryo n. Ontario place names

Grammatical clarifications

ghot vs. nuv

There isn't much difference between ghot and nuv, both meaning person. Maltz did say that when these words are plural (with or without a -pu' suffix), ghot focuses more on the individuals making up the group while nuv focuses on the group as a whole. So ghotpu' would probably be translated as persons and nuvpu' would be translated as people. But the rule is not hard and fast.

chagh

The verb chagh drop takes an object. If a cat keeps poking at a glass until the glass falls off the table, the proper verb is pummoH cause to fall. chagh would not be appropriate in this case because "drop" implies that someone is holding on to something and then (accidentally or on purpose) lets it fall. The cat isn't holding the glass before knocking it off the table.

bo'DIj

bo'DIj is the institution of the court, a judicial organization. A courtroom is a bo'DIj pa'; a courthouse is a bo'DIj qach.

ghIpDIj

ghIpDIj court-martial is a verb. The object of the verb is the person charged and subject to trial (or actually tried) by a military tribunal. The subject is whoever brought the indictment.

pronouns capable of speech

The difference between 'oH and ghaH is the same as the difference between their plural counterparts bIH and chaH.
See pronoun and capable of speech

Video interview

During qepHom 2018, Marc Okrand made a video interview in which he explained some of the new words, answering some questions. His answers do not reveal anything really new or surprising, but he elaborates things he had said before. In the interview, he talks about the following words:
  • 'obray'wal: When Okrand wrote that its tail is "poisonous", he probably meant "venomous".
  • 'onroS can be used for tears: just say mIn 'onroS eye drop
  • voDchuch is not a general word for spiders, it's a specific Klingon animal that somohow resembles a spider. It's a very big animal about the size of a hand. When talking about the Terran version of the animal, one can add (as usual) tera' to it. If it's a small version of it, then it's okay to say voDchughHom or tera' voDchuchHom small Earth version of the animal that looks like a spider.
  • chuq'a' leghwI' refers to a very big telescope that consists of a lot of technology, such as the Hubble space telescope. It's not the kind of telescope you hold in your hand. Saying chuq leghwI' also does not seem to make sense.
  • Sach can be used as an adjective, yes. Basically, Sach means to expand. If a person works on a book, or a device, and improves it, makes it better than before, then they SachmoH the thing. The result is, as an example, a paq Sach an expanded book.
  • SImyon is a unit of measuring temperature, it does not mean "degree", that's only the English way of saying it. It works like 'uj, like any unit of measurement.
  • teSra' is a piece of a puzzle or a scrabble game and so on. The difference to the 'echletHom is basically that a playing card is bendable while a teSra' is hard.
  • nel is a verb and means to match up. It does not mean that two things are identical, it means that they match up, such as two pieces of a puzzle match or when you tear off a piece of paper, this is the only piece that will match up with the paper.
  • HID takes no object. You just say jIHID - "I sweat", but not anything like "I sweat out something".
  • lun is not only restricted to body parts. Wood can also swell when it gets wet.
  • chagh takes an object, which is the thing falling. The subject is the person "dropping something".
  • tom means "to be tilted". If you change something's angle, you say vItommoH.
  • -Du' is a suffix for body parts and is generally used for body parts. When non-body parts are named after body parts (like the teeth on a gear or a cumb) then they are still associated with body parts, so the suffix -Du' is used. But there are very few words that originally were body parts, but the connection to the body part meaning has been lost. So now, they use -mey for plural suffix.

See also

External links

Category: Vocabulary    Latest edit: 17 Jan 2020, by KlingonTeacher    Created: 20 Nov 2018 by KlingonTeacher
 
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