no' Hol

no' Hol (from no' ancestors and Hol language, so like language of the ancestors) is a fictional, older version of the klingon language.

In the fiction, the language appears in old sources; some of its parts are preserved in the form quotes, which are used in ritual contexts.

no' Hol is generally recognised through a characteristic, which is already included in the title of paq'batlh: In modern klingon (ta' Hol language of the emperor) it should be called batlh paq, which means book of honor. In no' Hol the sequence of words is switched and between them is the typical apostrophe.


There are two kinds of "ancient Klingon":


There are very few set phrases that are used in ritualized speech of modern Klingon, but are based on no' Hol. Background for the existence of these phrases is that the authors of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine sometimes made up their own Klingon, which Okrand set straight in his book KGT afterwards.

mova' 'aqI' ruStaq
This is an ancient phrase that goes back to the time of Kahless and Lukara. Orginally, the phrase's meaning is "Today is a good day to die", but today it is used to express the Idea of love in a romantic partnership. (1)

Delaq Do'
This expression literally means "Take your stations" and is only used in a ritual when a new commander takes command of a ship. (2)


The structure of ancient Klingon has never been explained, but from existing phrases in paq'batlh, it is possible to deduce some patterns. Marc Okrand explained some of these patterns in his message about the Klingon spelling for the name Gorkon.


Under at least some circumstances, [o] became modern [a] and [oo] became modern [aw]. For example:

no' Hol > ta' Hol English
tyot > cha' two
pog' > pagh zero, none
moy' > may' battle
tunsroot > tonSaw' fighting technique

Note that [e] usually becomes modern [I]:
no' Hol > ta' Hol English
teq > tIq heart
tlhengon > tlhIngan Klingon


See also

Category: Grammar    Latest edit: 09 Jul 2018, by KlingonTeacher    Created: 15 Nov 2016 by DirkSchlSser
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