Noun

A noun is a word which represents things, people, places or concepts. There are several types of nouns in Klingon(1).

Simple nouns

Simple nouns have one syllable.
Example: veQ garbage, Duj ship.

Compound nouns

Compound nouns are composed of two or more nouns written as a single word. A compound noun is treated as a single, indivisible unit with regard to suffixes. Although it may be attractive to create compound words, this should be avoided. The rules that govern formation of compound nouns are not well-understood, and speakers should use the noun-noun construction when creating new noun concepts.
Example: jolpa' transporter room (formed from jol transport and pa' room)

Multiple nouns can be merged together to become compound nouns, but it may also happen that we get a new noun that includes what appears to be an adjective as part of that noun. It just does not happen very often.

Creating compounds

By convention, Klingonists don't combine words. Creating new noun combinations and presenting them as compound nouns is one of those moderately controversial practices that some accept more than others. Basically, if it comes from Okrand, it's okay. If it comes from someone else, then some people will accept it while others will reject it, and there is an odd kind of informal, intuitive sense that drives certain non-Okrand complex nouns to become more widely acceptable than others.

When a space is left between two words, it is called a noun-noun-construction.

Verbs with the suffix -wI'

Verbs can take the Type 9 suffix -wI' one/thing which does, and the resulting word is a noun which can take all noun suffixes. Other verb suffixes can be added before -wI', provided no other Type 9 suffix is used.
Examples: bomwI' singer (from bom sing), wochwI' tall one (from woch to be tall)
Note: some nouns appear to be verb+wI' (De'wI' computer), but there is no known verb De'

Verbs with the suffix -ghach

Some verbs with suffixes can take the Type 9 suffix -ghach which effectively makes a noun, somewhat similar to the English endings -ation or -ness.
Examples: naDHa'ghach discommendation (from naDHa' discommend), lo'laHghach value, worth (from lo'laH be valuable), lo'laHbe'ghach worthlessness (from lo'laHbe' be worthless)

Other complex nouns

Some multi-syllable nouns may appear to be compound nouns, but not all the individual syllables are recognized as nouns. No assumption should be made nor any meaning assumed for any syllable in these nouns. They are treated as regular nouns in all constructions.
Example: jInmol project (jIn appears in pu'jIn map, plan, but does not exist by itself. And mol grave has no apparent connection to jInmol)

Proper nouns (personal names and placenames) often have more than one syllable, but the origin of these names is unknown and they are treated as regular nouns in all constructions.
Example: wo'rIv Worf, Qo'noS Kronos, qIvo'rIt K'vort-class ship

See also

References

1 : The Klingon Dictionary, p. 19

Category: Grammar    Latest edit: 13 Jul 2017, by KlingonTeacher    Created: 08 Mar 2014 by KlingonTeacher
History: r13 < r12 < r11 < r10 - View wiki text



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