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Verbs with potentially questionable status

Transitivity

Many words are not clear whether they are transitive or not. Does HuS hang mean "be hanging on the wall" or is it "I hang the coat on the wall."? Without clarification or canon examples, we will never be sure to know.

chagh drop
choH alter, change
chung accelerate
DIng spin
HuS hang
jeS participate
nup decrease
ngoS dissolve
puy wreck
SIH bend
So' hide, cloak
vI' accumulate
wav divide

Stativity

This question would probably be clearer if it asked whether the verb expresses a state or quality. Such verbs can follow a noun in an adjectival usage, and can serve as the verb in a law'/puS construction. In typical linguistic usage, the term "stative" can apply to such things as "sleep" or "stand". These words don't match the relevant concept in Klingon grammar.

Qagh err, be mistaken
vIH move, be in motion vIH qagh The Gagh is moving
wew glow
wuQ have a headache  
yaH be taken away
taH _ be at a negative angle_

Clarifications received

chegh return is intransitive -- CK --

I'm pretty sure that Okrand has used this both ways. He uses it with the destination returned to as the object in the interview in HolQeD in which he explains verbs of motion. Here we see the problem with trying to classify verbs based only on their transitivity. The important information here is that the subject of the verb chegh is that which goes back to a previous location.

Klingon translation transitivity source canon example
chev separate transitive PK 'uSDaj chop! chev! Chew that arm!
Dej collapse intransitive PK Dejpu'bogh Hov rur qablIj You face looks like a collapsed star (lit. a star which has collapsed)
Dub improve transitive SkyBoxCards #14  
ghor break transitive TKW, KGT
ghur increase intransitive SkyBoxCards #14  
jach cry out transitive SkyBoxCards #31
meQ burn intransitive TKW meQtaHbogh qachDaq Suv qoH neH. (It's also transitive; see below.)
mup strike, impact transitive SkyBoxCards #2
pub boil intransitive TKW, PK
puv fly intransitive SkyBoxCards #33
Sach expand intransitive TKW mataHmeH maSachnIS To survive, we must expand.
tet melt intransitive Paqbatlh nagh tetlaH tujvam

Sep breed has the animals being bred as the object, and the entity bringing the animals together for that purpose as the subject. (1)

yev pause is intransitive -- loQ yIyev PK
'aw' sting is transitive -- mu'aw' mInDu'wIj CK

Surprising (grammatically non-intuitive) clarifications received

Please only include non-controversial revelations!

meQ is stative -- Ha'DIbaHmey meQ Sop 'e' tIv tera'nganpu'. CK
meQ is transitive -- to'waQ meQ vutwI'. KGT (It's also intransitive; see above.)

See also

References

1 : Klingon for the Galactic Traveler p. 89: On the other hand, Klingons generally Sep ("breed") small animals such as gharghmey ("worms").

Category: Vocabulary    Latest edit: 25 Feb 2016, by De7vID    Created: 03 Mar 2014 by LieVen


Topic revision: r13 - 25 Feb 2016, De7vID


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