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Toast

The toast is a common kind of expressing a wish in Klingon, which in English starts with "may" most of the time.

Grammar

The toast in Klingon is made by attaching the type-9 verb suffix -jaj; most of the time it can be translated with may. While in English the word may is put in the front of the sentence, the verb with the suffix -jaj has to be at the end. (1)

Canon examples

Klingon English Source
'IwlIj jachjaj May your blood cry!! Conversational Klingon
batlh bIHeghjaj May you die in honor! TKW

Exceptions in the Canon

Sakrej dialect

Speaker in the regions of Sakrej and No'hvadut don't put the verb with the *-jaj*-suffix at the end of the sentence and use the form Object-verb-subject instead (2).

-jaj at the Noun

There is also an example from canon, which is according to the rules mentioned above:

Klingon English Source
ghIj qet jaghmeyjaj May you're enemies flee in terror. TKW, page 65

In this case the suffix -jaj is attached to the noun. The explanation is that the toast is very old and the grammar was different back then.

See also

References

1 : KGT, page 25

2 : KGT

Category: Grammar    Latest edit: 07 Mar 2017, by DirkSchlSser    Created: 07 Mar 2017 by DirkSchlSser



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